Violence assumed a gender-targeted form through the use of rape during the Bosnian War. While men from all ethnic groups committed rape, the great majority of rapes were perpetrated by Bosnian Serb forces of the Army of the Republika Srpska VRS and Serb paramilitary units, who used rape as an instrument of terror as part of their programme of ethnic cleansing. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia ICTY declared that "systematic rape" and "sexual enslavement" in time of war was a crime against humanity , second only to the war crime of genocide. Although the ICTY did not treat the mass rapes as genocide, many have concluded from the organized, and systematic nature of the mass rapes of the female Bosniak Bosnian Muslim population, that these rapes were a part of a larger campaign of genocide,    and that the VRS were carrying out a policy of genocidal rape against the Bosnian Muslim ethnic group. The trial of VRS member Dragoljub Kunarac was the first time in any national or international jurisprudence that a person was convicted of using rape as a weapon of war.
Sarajevo, the city where east meets west | Travel | The Guardian
Characteristics of sexual behaviour of female students, which will affect fertility in adulthood, represent one of the critical parameters of reproductive health. The aim of this study was assess characteristics of sexual behavior of female students in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In a prospective study on a representative sample of 2, regular girls aged years, an anonymous survey on the reproductive health of female students in Bosnia and Herzegovina from to was conducted. Average sexarcha age was Regarding the use of contraceptive methods,
Max Clements reflects on the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 25 years on from the longest siege in modern history — and one of the bloodiest. This obscure anecdote stuck in my mind while travelling through the country. Spectacular mountains dominate the terrain between Mostar and Sarajevo, part of the Dinaric Alps mountain range, which spans from Italy down through the Balkans, ending in Albania. The rural skyline is pricked by the minarets, Byzantine domes, and the spires of Catholic churches, a permanent testimony to the mixed communities which largely vanished after the war.
A HUMAN rights investigator who claims she was sacked for exposing the sexual abuse of Bosnian women by her United Nations colleagues, told a tribunal yesterday that girls as young as 15 were offered for sex. Kathryn Bolkovac, 41, said women were forced to dance naked in Bosnian bars frequented by UN police officers. Mrs Bolkovac is using a British employment tribunal to bring her case of unfair dismissal from an American recruitment agency which has an office in the UK. The former American policewoman claims she was sacked because she sent an email to Jacques Paul Klein, the chief of UN mission in Bosnia-Hercegovina, which highlighted the sexual exploitation of women by those who had been sent to protect them from the sex trade.